When Business Gets Tough: What You Need to Know About Shareholder Litigation

By Christopher B. Posner

Do you own stock in a public or private corporation? Do you feel that the corporation is not properly addressing certain issues or that a director is abusing their power? Perhaps you feel that the corporation has infringed upon your rights as a shareholder.

Sometimes business gets tough and it’s good to know your options as a company shareholder. Depending on the type of harm you are alleging, you may want to look into bringing forward either a shareholder derivative or a direct lawsuit.

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Building or Renovating? 6 Must-Do Steps When Hiring a Contractor


By Jason E. Handin

A fresh start can be exciting, especially when it comes to building a new home or renovating a current home. However, for homeowners inexperienced in working with contractors or design professionals, the undertaking of a major construction project can be a daunting task. The highest probability for success in a construction project relies upon the homeowner being educated in protecting themselves against any potential conflicts that may arise.

In this article are six important steps to take when hiring a contractor or design professional for a new build or renovation.

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6 Insurance Tips for After the Storm

By Ana P. Moretto

Hurricane season is upon us once more. If you are a home or business owner whose property was affected by a hurricane, storm, or other natural disaster, here are some tips for filing an insurance claim and what to do if you need help.

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What Can Happen When a Commercial Lease Defaults?


By Labeed Choudhry

Modern commercial leases can be dozens of pages long and contain a vast number of provisions spread over many paragraphs.  Some of these provisions, such as those relating to the amount of rent and operations of the premises, are looked at and negotiated quite thoroughly by the parties.  Most of the other provisions however are routinely ignored as dense legalese and the parties, especially the tenant, pay little attention to what they say.

One often overlooked provision relates to the acceleration of rent upon default in payment by the tenant.  While language can vary according to the specifics of a lease, the general function of an acceleration provision is to allow the landlord to make a claim for the entire rent due under the remaining life of a lease if the tenant defaults during the middle of lease term rather than having to wait for rent as it comes due before making a claim for it.  For example, if a tenant defaults after one year of a five-year lease where the rent was $1,000 a month, the landlord can demand $48,000 (the amount to be paid under the remaining term of the lease) immediately without having to demand an additional $1,000 every month for the remainder of the lease term. While the accelerated rent is usually reduced to its present value, it can still be a hefty sum. Continue reading

New Florida Law Impacts Design Professionals


By Ronald S. Nisonson

 On April 24, 2013, Governor Scott signed Senate Bill 286 into law creating section 558.0035, Florida Statutes.

 This new law grants individual design professionals employed by a business entity or an agent of the entity immunity from liability for economic damages resulting from negligence occurring within the course and scope of a professional services contract under the following conditions:

 (a) The contract is made between the business entity and a claimant or another entity for the provision of services to the claimant;

(b) The contract does not name an individual employee or agent as a party to the contract;

(c) The contract prominently states that an individual employee or agent may not be held individually liable for negligence;

(d) The business entity maintains any professional liability insurance required under the contract; and

(e) Any damages are solely economic in nature and do not extend to persons or property not subject to the contract.

 The law took effect on July 1, 2013 and does not state that it is retroactive.

 The bill amends sections 471.023(3), F.S. (engineers), 472.021(3), F.S. (surveyors and mappers), 481.219(11), F.S. (architects and interior designers), 481.319(6), F.S. (landscape architects), and 492.111(4), F.S. (geologists). These statutes are now amended to incorporate the new limitation of liability created by section 558.0035. The bill adds geologists as “design professionals.”

 The new law limits claims for economic damages but not claims for personal injury or property damage.

 This proposed statute nullifies Florida’s common law which previously has allowed professional negligence claims against an individual design professional based on the professional’s violation of his or her duty of care to those who may be foreseeably injured. Florida’s common-law imposes a duty of care on all individual professionals that exceeds the duty of care of the general public. Professionals, such as doctors, lawyers, accountants, and design professionals, have always been held to a higher standard of care and associated individual liability for professional negligence. This new law will afford design professionals protections that other professionals do not enjoy. Additionally, this proposed statute allows the design professional to contractually limit his or her liability.

 In order to comply and obtain a limitation of liability, section 558.0035 requires that the business entity must maintain “any professional liability insurance required under the contract.” The statute does not require that the individual design professional maintain professional liability insurance. Also, the new law does not include any minimum or maximum amounts of coverage that the business entity must maintain.

 There are some questions whether this new law may be susceptible to a constitutional challenge. However, it may be too early to tell.

 To take advantage of this new law, each design professional should take care to meet the specific requirements set forth in section 558.0035(1)(a)-(e). First, the design professional should make sure that all professional service contracts are made with the business entity for the provision of services. Second, the professional services contract should not name an individual design professional as a party to the contract. Third, the professional services contract must be modified to add a prominent statement that “an individual employee or agent may not be held individually liable for negligence.” Finally, the individual must make sure that her business entity maintains any professional liability insurance required under the professional services contract.